A concrete, measurable pattern of relationships among entities in a social space
Social networks among individuals: friendship, advice-seeking, romantic connections, acquaintanceship
“Formal,” contractual relationships among organizations: strategic alliances, buyer-supplier contracts, joint ventures etc.
“Informal” inter-organizational relationships flow through people: director interlocks, employee mobility, social networks that cross organizational boundaries
Affiliations, shared memberships that suggest connections: trade associations, committee memberships, co-authorships etc.